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2010年10月30日  

2010-10-30 21:48:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【原】荷兰新内阁上台,移民政策趋紧!

默认分类 2010-10-18 05:44:11 阅读2002 评论34   字号:大中小 订阅


经历了一百多天的人事动荡和激辩后,由自民党党魁马克·鲁特领导的荷兰新内阁终于宣誓就职了。新大臣们依照传统在豪斯登堡宫殿前的台阶上和女王贝娅特丽克丝(Beatrix)合影。女王的左右手分别是首相鲁特和副首相马克西姆·费尔哈亨(Maxime Verhagen)。身后为12位大臣。【原】荷兰新内阁上台,移民政策趋紧! - 史唯平 - 欧洲碎片-史唯平的博客

这届中偏右的新内阁,是荷兰近代史上第一个少数内阁,并且在90多年来首次由自由派领导,从公布合影看,真是自由的可以了,一点儿官象都没有,松松散散,完全不能和拆啦的核心照相比,顺便要说的是,新首相马克·鲁特(Mark Rutte)还未婚,这也是荷兰有史以来首次被一个单身汉领导。


【原】荷兰新内阁上台,移民政策趋紧! - 史唯平 - 欧洲碎片-史唯平的博客(图片来自于荷兰媒体)

虽然组阁成功,但马克鲁特还是面临着一系列的挑战,虽然击败了风光最盛的政坛疯婆费尔东克(Rita Verdonk) ,重整自民党(VVD)成为荷兰第一大党,并成功携手基民盟(CDA)联合组阁,但除了提升荷兰经济的重任以外,对于移民政策的不同解读以及如何与极右的威尔德斯议员相处也是一个很棘手的问题。要知道,威尔德斯的自由党虽然并不执政,但该党为马克的获胜立下了汗马功劳,并在国会中为新内阁的政策提供不可替代的推进作用。

重点关注的是新任移民和庇护大臣:格尔德·列尔斯 (Gerd Leers),现年59岁的格尔德·列尔斯因在2002至2010年期间担任荷兰南部城市马斯特里赫特市市长而广为人知。不幸的是,他也同样因身为荷兰市长而在保加利亚购置度假屋涉嫌利益冲突而闻名,更不幸的是,因其在保加利亚的度假屋一事在全国范围内引起不小的争议,他不得不在沸沸扬扬中辞去马城市长一职。
关于格尔德·列尔斯的执政风格,在就职马城市长期间他曾因合乎情理的强硬而著称,所以,对于接下来本身已经右倾的移民政策,只能是越来越趋于严格了。

荷兰新移民法规将于2011年1月1日开始实施,荷兰移民局已提前开始新系统的启用和调试,导致大量的申请被积压,在新内阁协调时,虽然马克首相和他的支持者同意对移民政策进行各自解读,但事实上,紧缩的新移民政策已经得到了各党的同意或者默许,以强硬反对穆斯林移民著称的威尔德斯本人也亲自参与了制定本届内阁将执行的移民政策。

(下篇博文预报:2011年荷兰新移民政策解读)

从已公布的法规来看,2011年荷兰新移民与社会融合政策将显著紧缩,家庭团聚将变得更加困难,荷兰配偶一方必须要有稳定的居所,要有符合条件的收入,要有至少十二个月以上的工作合约,同时必须在申请前至少已在荷兰居住了一年以上,获得新的荷兰护照也将有附加条件的,拥有双重国籍的人失去荷兰国籍的可能性提高。。。而来自基民盟的列尔斯,将作为新任的移民大臣,具体负责执行这些政策。
当然,至少在这一两年之内,荷兰移民大门还不会关闭,强硬的列尔斯也作出表态,虽然要收紧移民政策,但他也希望网开一面,言下之意其实是对未来的担忧。“在今后几年内,我们要共同充实这个政策,我们要一起把这个国家弄得更好。因为从长期来说,我们国家还是需要人才的,这些人也将会受到欢迎。”至于威尔德斯,重点反击的是来自穆斯林国家的移民,所以,对于中国的高技术移民来说,目前还不需要为这个偏右的新内阁和紧缩的新移民政策担心,至于已经抵达荷兰的中国移民,也可以完全无需理会移民法规的变动。
内阁偏右是肯定的,新移民法规紧缩也是明显的,但影响到底有多大,在下一篇关于荷兰移民新政的博文里,我再来解读荷兰新移民政策的走向,但目前已经可以确定的是,在本届内阁执政期间,来自穆斯林国家的移民配额将首先被大幅度削减,右翼议员威尔德斯也对公众放言,他相信列尔斯会严格地执行政府的政策,在今后四年中来自穆斯林国家的移民将被减半。
New Dutch PM promises immigration cut               
14/10/2010http://www.expatica.com/nl/news/local_news/new-dutch-pm-promises-immigration-cut.html
The new Dutch Prime Minister, conservative liberal leader Mark Rutte, promised Thursday to cut immigration after the investiture of his rightist cabinet backed by anti-Islam MP Geert Wilders.
"We cannot continue to allow so many to people without prospects to come to the Netherlands," Rutte told journalists hours after his cabinet was sworn in by Queen Beatrix in a closed ceremony at her working palace in The Hague.
"The Netherlands will always be open for asylum-seekers ... but we cannot continue to allow such large numbers of immigrants."
Rutte, a 43-year-old former human resources manager at multi-national Unilever, is the first prime minister from a Dutch liberal party, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), since 1918.
His coalition of VVD and Christian Democratic Action (CDA) commands only 52 seats out of 150 in the Dutch lower house of parliament, but has made a deal with Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV) for the support of its 24 MPs to pass policy through parliament.
The PVV, which remains outside the government, will get a say in policy formulation in return.
Wilders, who campaigns for an end to Muslim immigration, a ban on new mosques and a head scarf tax, went on trial in Amsterdam last Monday on charges of inciting hatred and discrimination against Muslims.
Announcing his cooperation pact with Rutte's government this month, Wilders, 47, said the burqa would be banned and immigration halved.
Rutte said Thursday his government's priority, "besides ensuring that the Netherlands comes through the (economic) crisis stronger", would be to meet election promises on burning issues like immigration.
He said his coalition was "happy" with the support of the PVV, but stressed that "we are at odds with each other" over Islam.
"For the CDA and VVD, Islam is a religion and for the PVV a political ideology. That is a fundamental difference," Rutte said after receiving the cabinet chairman's gavel from outgoing premier Jan Peter Balkenende.
Some political analysts believe the new coalition is too unstable to last long.
The last government, Balkenende's fourth CDA-led coalition, fell in February in a dispute over continued military support to NATO forces in Afghanistan.
Rutte's VVD narrowly won June 9 general elections with 31 seats in parliament, while Wilders' PVV was the biggest climber, nearly tripling its support from nine seats previously.
The CDA, which has been in nearly all governments since World War II, saw its presence dwindle from 41 seats.
The new government comprises six ministers each from the VVD and CDA.
The VVD-CDA coalition agreement promises to cut government spending by 18 billion euros by 2015. The country saw its budget surplus turn into a worrying deficit amid the global crisis.
The longest chapter of the governing accord -- seven of its 46 pages -- is devoted to immigration, proposing stricter conditions for asylum and making it harder for partners and children of immigrant workers to enter the Netherlands.

BTW:看完老猫博客,不喜欢就关掉,如果喜欢哪篇,就点一下左下角的“推荐”,谢谢。

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